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Abstract _ Valerie Hoberg

Eduardo Chillida and the architecture
Relations of Art and Architecture

Vitruv refers architecture 'the mother of all arts' - on the contrary, Adolf Loos debates why architecture is no art.
Although manifests about the affiliation alter according to epochal attitudes, the parallel development of fine arts and architecture - at least until Modernism - remains unchallenged. And even if both disciplines strike a continuously decreasing number of evident, formal boundary points, alliances and quotations persist: Both architects as Max Bill, Herzog & de Meuron or Diller Scofidio + Renfro and artists as Donald Judd, Richard Serra or Dan Graham have defined transfers of certain aspects of the respectively different discipline as central character of their basic concept. They succeed to gain essential impacts for their producing out of these frontier crossings.

The dissertation plans to exemplify the feasible spectrum of transformations, using the artistic position of the Basque sculptor Eduardo Chillida and different hence transferred aspects within several contemporary architectural conceptions, for to generate strategies for potential transfers of other artistic positions out of it. Chillida's artistic oeuvre, also comprehending graphic and pictorial works, displays a significant personal style and thus is ideally qualified for transmissions into architecture:

Within differing scales, using the influence of light, shadow and material, Chillida is ever occupied with the required proportion of encasing to encased volume, for to surround the question of the creation of space. Thus his artistic operating as self-proclaimed 'Architect of the Void' already represents a transfer of architecture into art itself.

The miscellaneous architectural concepts to be researched in the Case Studies represent inversions of this process and focus on the particular transformations of formal characteristics, artistic strategies and working methods of Chillida's position into architecture.

Perceiving architecture as something more than the mere covering of everyday's life-requirements and the design of buildings as its explicit function, the dissertation project pursues the objective of developing potentials for increased space qualities of future architecture out of the endorsements. In addition, art might offer routes to answer architectural questions like the localisation, organisation of programs or orchestration for to detect purposive, design-specific reactions.
Furthermore, by dealing with the method of transference of extrinsic aspects, the explication of the often irreproducible architectural design process might as well be enlightened.